Sunday, February 18, 2024

What Are Symptoms Of Seasonal Allergies

Treatment For Asthma From Pollen Allergies

Seasonal Allergies: Treatments, Signs, Symptoms, Causes, Etc.

If you have asthma caused by pollens, your doctor will prescribe the correct medication and help you to develop a plan to manage your asthma. Make sure you follow your asthma action plan.

Asthma can be well controlled with the appropriate medication in almost all people. The main types of medication are:

  • Relievers act quickly to relax the muscles around the airways. This is the medication used during an asthma attack.
  • Preventers slowly make the airways less sensitive to allergy triggers and reduce inflammation inside the airways. These are taken daily.
  • Combination therapies preventers containing 2 different medications.

If you have an asthma attack, follow your asthma action plan. In case of emergency, call triple zero and ask for an ambulance. Tell the operator that someone is having an asthma attack.

The signs of an emergency include when the person:

  • finds it very difficult to breathe
  • is unable to speak comfortably or if their lips are turning blue
  • has symptoms that get worse very quickly
  • is getting little or no relief from their reliever inhaler.

While waiting for the ambulance, give 4 puffs of reliever medication every 4 minutes.

How Can I Prevent Seasonal Allergies Altogether

Luckily, a lot of preventive measures that we have been taking during the pandemic can be helpful in avoiding allergies. Avoid inhaling your known triggers by wearing a cloth mask when you are outside, and make sure you are washing your mask after each use since it could carry pollen particles. You can reduce your risk of infection from the viruses that cause COVID-19, colds, and flu by social distancing, performing hand hygiene, and wearing a face mask.

Side Effects And Risks

  • People can get infections if they use neti pots or other nasal rinsing devices improperly. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has information on how to rinse your sinuses safely.

  • Most important is the source of water that is used with nasal rinsing devices. According to the FDA, tap water that is not filtered, treated, or processed in specific ways is not safe for use as a nasal rinse. Sterile water is safe over-the-counter nasal rinsing products that contain sterile saline are available.

  • Some tap water contains low levels of organisms, such as bacteria and protozoa, including amoebas, which may be safe to swallow because stomach acid kills them. But these organisms can stay alive in nasal passages and cause potentially serious infections. Improper use of neti pots may have caused two deaths in 2011 in Louisiana from a rare brain infection that the state health department linked to tap water contaminated with an amoeba called Naegleria fowleri.

  • Acupuncture is generally considered safe when performed by an experienced practitioner using sterile needles. Improperly performed acupuncture can cause potentially serious side effects.

  • Raw butterbur extracts contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids, which can cause liver damage and cancer. Extracts of butterbur that are almost completely free from these alkaloids are available. However, no studies have proven that the long-term use of butterbur products, including the reduced-alkaloid products, is safe.

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    How To Treat Allergies During A Pandemic

    In the midst of a virus outbreak, it can be hard to get to a clinic for allergy treatment. The first thing to do is to stay away from whatever makes your symptoms flare up.

    You can also try over-the-counter allergy medicines. Check with your supermarket or drugstore to see if they deliver and have these medications in stock. Or order them online.

    If you have trouble finding them, or if you need something stronger like corticosteroids, call your doctor. They may be able to prescribe something over the phone or have a telehealth visit with you. Some pharmacies deliver medications.

    When social distancing or stay-at-home rules are in effect, always follow the COVID-19 safety steps recommended by public health officials:

    Complementary And Alternative Medicines

    Whats the Difference Between COVID

    Given the popularity of complementary and alternative medicines in the general population, it is reasonable for physicians to ask patients about their use of CAM in a nonjudgmental manner. Given the limited number of well-designed clinical trials examining the efficacy of CAM in allergic rhinitis, it is difficult for clinicians to evaluate these therapies and provide guidance. Nonetheless, since there will be patients who wish to pursue CAM for the management of allergic rhinitis, it is advisable to provide some information about these therapies including a discussion of the lack of high-quality studies evaluating some of these therapies.

    Various CAM have been used for the management of allergic rhinitis, including traditional Chinese medicines, acupuncture, homeopathy, and herbal therapies . In a number of studies, acupuncture has been shown to provide modest benefits for patients with allergic rhinitis . However, acupuncture is time consuming.

    Also Check: Symptoms Of Tree Pollen Allergies

    Trees Grasses And Weeds Are Often To Blame

    Ragweed, which grows throughout most of the U.S., produces pollen in the fall.

    Ah, spring. It’s the time of year when the cold starts to wane, and trees and flowers blossom.

    But if you’re one of the many people who suffer from seasonal allergies, those pretty trees and plants may make you feel worse, not better.

    That’s because of pollen, a powdery substance made by trees, weeds, and grasses.

    Pollen is harmless, but if you have seasonal allergies, your body mistakes the pollen for something dangerous and tries to attack it. This reaction causes symptoms like coughing, a runny or stuffy nose, and itchy, watery eyes. You might feel like you have a cold.

    What Is An Allergy Test

    An allergist performs tests to pinpoint the cause of your allergic reactions.

    There are two kinds of tests:

    • Skin tests: The doctor pricks the surface of the skin, usually on the upper arm, and injects a tiny amount of suspected allergens. If an allergy exists, the skin will react by becoming inflamed, red and swollen, which may cause temporary discomfort. Skin tests give fast resultsusually within a half hour or 24 to 48 hours.
    • Blood tests: Blood is drawn and sent to a lab. The disadvantage is that it may take several days for the results to come back. However, more allergens can be tested with blood tests than with skin tests, Blood tests are used to identify seasonal allergies as well as perennial allergies, plus allergies to food, medications, and insect bites or stings. If you have chronic skin conditions such as psoriasis or eczema, blood tests are recommended instead of skin tests to prevent further irritation.

    Its important to tell your allergist about any medications you are taking because some can compromise your allergy test results.

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    How To Help Relieve And Treat Your Seasonal Allergy Symptoms

    While you cant prevent seasonal allergies altogether, you can reduce your exposure to allergens and the impact of them.

    Some the easiest lifestyle solutions for seasonal allergies involve trying to avoid your triggers, whatever the time of year. A few ways you might be able to do this include8:

    • Staying inside on dry, windy days when the pollen count may be high
    • Washing clothes and showering after being outside, to rinse off allergens
    • Closing doors and windows at night
    • Using air conditioning at home and in your car a HEPA filter can help

    There are also various over-the-counter, non-prescription medications that might help ease your symptoms8. Treatments you can try to provide seasonal allergy relief can include9,10:

    • Antihistamines medications such as the active ingredient cetirizine, which is used to block or reduce histamines that cause symptoms.
    • these can provide temporary relief from nasal stuffiness, and are often available as tablets, liquids or nasal sprays
    • Combination medications certain types of allergy medication combine antihistamines and decongestants to relieve more symptoms at once, such as ZYRTEC-D®
    • Immunotherapy a seasonal allergy shot that aims to help your body develop immunity or tolerance to the allergen
    • Nasal corticosteroids these nasal sprays work to reduce inflammation and allergy symptoms

    If you have questions about the best way to relieve your worst allergy symptoms, talk to your doctor.

    Getting Through Allergy Season

    Is it seasonal allergies, COVID-19 or vaccine symptoms? Here’s how to tell.

    Seasonal allergies are unpleasant, but being aware of what actions to avoid and limit can help reduce your symptoms. In cases where you cannot avoid exposure to allergens, certain natural ingredients added to your daily routine can provide protection and relief from allergy symptoms as you make your way through allergy season. Additionally we have a guide to 7 tips to get you through allergy season.

    Read Also: Do Dogs Get Allergies In The Fall

    Hay Fever Symptoms From Pollen Allergies

    Hay fever may also be referred to as seasonal allergic rhinitis, if the symptoms appear only when it is pollen season. Hay fever originally only referred to allergies caused by grass pollens, but the term is now also used to describe the symptoms of rhinitis . This can occur throughout the year.

    Allergies to pollen commonly cause symptoms of hay fever including:

    • runny, itchy, congested nose
    • irritable, itchy, watery and red eyes
    • itchy ears, throat and palate.

    People with hay fever are more likely to develop sinus infections, and can have interrupted sleep that leads to extreme tiredness. Severe hay fever symptoms can affect learning in children and productivity in adults. Hay fever can also make it more difficult to control asthma in those who are more likely to get it.

    Signs Your Child May Have Seasonal Allergies

    Symptoms of seasonal allergies include a stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, itchy eyes and nose, sore throat, cough, and dark circles under the eyes.

    Seasonal allergies can be more than just a mild annoyance. Some of the consequences of allergies in children include:

    • Fatigue and poor concentration in school due to lack of sleep
    • An increase in ear and sinus infections
    • Asthma exacerbations
    • Behavioral issues from discomfort and lack of sleep

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    What Is The Best Way To Treat Seasonal Allergies

    The best way to treat any allergy is to avoid exposure. This is easier said than done when your allergies are caused by things in your environment. When possible, limit time outside when your allergy triggers are the most active. You can also limit outdoor allergens from coming inside. Try keeping your windows closed, and changing clothes and showering after being outside.

    Allergy & Asthma Network has developed a helpful tool to help you monitor pollen counts. This can help you determine when your allergy symptoms may be at their worst.

    In addition to allergen avoidance, work with your allergist to develop an allergy treatment plan. This can include the use of over-the-counter and prescription medications.

    Allergy medications can help reduce symptoms. Options include antihistamines, nasal sprays and other medicines.

    Learn when your allergies are at their worst. Then start taking your allergy medications two weeks before symptoms typically begin. This primes your immune system to better handle seasonal allergens when they arrive.

    You can also pre-medicate with an antihistamine and/or a corticosteroid nasal spray two hours before allergen exposure. For eye allergies, eye drops may help with managing symptoms.

    Allergy shots often provide long-lasting relief for pollen allergy. Sublingual immunotherapy is a pill form of immunotherapy. Its available for grass and ragweed pollen allergies.

    How Do You Know If You Have Seasonal Allergies

    Home Remedies for Allergies: Natural Solutions to Seasonal Problems

    If you experience allergy symptoms at only certain times of the year, then you may have a seasonal allergy.

    The only way to know for sure if you have a specific allergy is to see a board-certified allergist. An allergist can conduct allergy testing to confirm a diagnosis. Testing may include a skin test or a blood test.

    A skin test is the most common type of allergy test. This is done by applying a small amount of diluted allergen to the skin. Then you wait 15 minutes to see if a raised, itchy, red bump appears. If it does, then you have an allergy to that particular allergen.

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    Hay Fever: Natural Ways To Treat Seasonal Allergy Symptoms

    By Kathleen McCoy, BS

    What makes spring so beautiful for many people leads to misery for those who suffer from seasonal allergy symptoms. Fresh-cut grass, blooming trees and flowers, and weeds release pollen, causing seasonal allergies in an estimated 40 million to 60 million people each year, or up to 20 percent of people living in certain countries.

    Surveys have shown that when left untreated, seasonal allergy symptoms can become pretty miserable, affecting day-to-day activities and sometimes even spurring asthma attacks. For example, approximately 80 percent of people with asthma also suffer from seasonal allergies.

    Treating hay fever symptoms can reduce asthma-related hospitalizations and emergencies.

    How do you treat seasonal allergies? The good news is that natural allergy treatments can be as effective and, in many cases, even more effective than allergy medications.

    Some of the best options for managing seasonal allergy symptoms include making changes to your diet to reduce common allergens and inflammatory foods, taking supplements that support your immune system, and ridding your home of allergy triggers.

    Nose And Eye Allergies: Age Of Onset

    • Seasonal pollen allergies usually begin at age 2 to 5 years.
    • The symptoms peak in school age children, teens and young adults.
    • Pollen symptoms are rare in children under age 2. They require at least 2 seasons of exposure to the pollen.
    • Children under age 2 who have chronic nasal symptoms have other causes. Examples are recurrent colds, large adenoids or cow’s milk allergy.
    • Food allergies can start during the first year of life, but not pollen allergies.

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    What Causes Allergic Rhinitis

    If you have allergies, your body releases chemicals when you are exposed to an allergen. One such chemical is called histamine. Histamine is your bodys defense against the allergen. The release of histamine causes your symptoms.

    Hay fever is an allergic reaction to pollen. Pollen comes from flowering trees, grass, and weeds. If you are allergic to pollen, you will notice your symptoms are worse on hot, dry days when wind carries the pollen. On rainy days, pollen often is washed to the ground, which means you are less likely to breathe it. Your allergies can vary depending on the time of year:

    • Allergies that occur in the spring are often due to tree pollen.
    • Allergies that occur in the summer are often due to grass and weed pollen.
    • Allergies that occur in the fall are often due to ragweed.

    Allergens that can cause perennial allergic rhinitis include:

    • Mold is common where water tends to collect, such as shower curtains and damp basements. It can also be found in rotting logs, hay, and mulch. This allergy is usually worse during humid and rainy weather.
    • Animal dander.The skin, saliva, and urine of furry pets such as cats and dogs are allergens. You can be exposed to dander when handling an animal or from house dust that contains dander.
    • Many allergens, including dust mites, are in dust. Dust mites are tiny living creatures found in bedding, mattresses, carpeting, and upholstered furniture. They live on dead skin cells and other things found in house dust.

    Allegra Can Help Relieve Seasonal Allergies

    Differentiating COVID-19 symptoms from seasonal allergies

    Allegra® helps you live your best life by relieving many common seasonal allergy symptoms. If you experience sneezing, runny nose, itchy, watery eyes or an itchy nose or throat, nasal congestion, sinus congestion and pressure, or swelling of nasal passages, Allegra® products can help. Now you can live your greatness during any season.

    No matter which product you choose, you can feel good knowing Allegra® is the #1 allergist-recommended medicine brand for non-drowsy relief.*

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    How Are Allergies Treated

    Although avoiding the allergen is an important treatment approach, it usually doesnt completely end the allergic reaction.

    Medications such as antihistamines , decongestants , or a combination of over-the-counter and prescription medications, are used to treat your allergy symptoms. Nasal sprays such as topical nasal steroids , cromolyn sodium, and topical nasal antihistamines also can be used to treat allergy symptoms.

    Asthma medications, which reduce allergy symptoms, include:

    • Inhaled bronchodilators.
    • Oral anti-leukotrienes .
    • Injected medications, such as omalizumab , dupilumab , reslizumab , benralizumab , or Mepolizumab .

    Immunotherapy or allergy oral immunotherapy is recommended if your symptoms arent adequately controlled with a combination of avoidance measures and regular medication use. This shot has been shown to be effective in properly selected patients with allergic rhinitis and/or allergic asthma.

    Another treatment option is saline irrigation using a sinus rinse kit. These rinse kits are sold over-the-counter or can be made at home. To make your own rinse, combine one-half teaspoon non-iodinated salt with one-half teaspoon baking soda in eight ounces of distilled or boiled water. This mixture rinses out allergens and decreases the amount of inflammation they cause.

    Questions To Ask Your Doctor

    • Could anything else, such as a cold or the flu, be causing my symptoms?
    • How do I figure out what Im allergic to?
    • Is my allergy seasonal?
    • I am allergic to _____. Am I at risk for any other allergies?
    • What changes can I make at home to relieve my symptoms?
    • Will any over-the counter medicines relieve my symptoms?
    • What should I do if my symptoms get worse or dont respond to the treatment youve prescribed?
    • Do I need to see an allergy specialist ?

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    No : The Allergic Salute

    You vacuum with a HEPA filter. You stay indoors when the pollen count is high. You take medications like your doctor tells you to. But do you really have your symptoms under control? If you’re constantly doing the “allergic salute,” the answer is probably no. This gesture — a swipe at the tip of an itchy, runny nose — is especially common in children.

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