Dog Losing Hair Around Eyes And Nose
Dogs can lose hair around their eyes and nose for a variety of reasons. It can be caused by allergies, parasites, environmental irritants, or bacterial or fungal infections. If your dog is losing hair around its eyes and nose, its important to take it to the vet to rule out any underlying health conditions.
Your vet might recommend a skin scrape or other tests to identify the cause. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause, but it might include antibiotics, topical ointments, or specialized shampoos. In some cases, the hair loss may resolve on its own. If the hair loss persists or worsens, its important to take your pup to the vet for a check-up and to get the appropriate treatment.
Diagnosis Of Hair Loss Related To Allergies In Dogs
When you arrive at the veterinarians office, she will start her diagnostic process by collecting a verbal history from you. She will want to know when you first noticed your dog was losing his fur, if and where he has been scratching or licking excessively, and if you have tried to treat it with anything over the counter or not. As part of her diagnostic process, your veterinarian will need to rule out other possible causes that can produce hair loss with similar symptoms like the one he is presenting with. She will also want to know if you have fed him anything new lately, if he has had any changes in his routine or home that could cause stress, or anything else information wise that may be helpful to know about his situation.
Your veterinarian will then continue by performing a full physical exam on your dog. While it may be obvious where the fur loss is occurring she will want to do a full evaluation of his entire body system. This will allow her to check for other areas of fur loss or skin abnormalities. During her examination, she will watch for signs of itching or the need to scratch from your dog. She will check for evidence of parasites, palpate his joint and muscles, and give him an overall evaluation.
My Dog Is Losing Hair Around The Eyes
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There are various types of hair loss in dogs which will present differently according to the underlying reason. Normal shedding happens at different times throughout the year, something which needs to be differentiated from alopecia as a clinical symptom. When the alopecia is due to a systemic disease, pathology or any other reason, it can present all over the body or only in localized areas. When we see that my dog is losing hair around the eyes, but not anywhere else, it means there is a localized problem.
AnimalWised explains the different causes of balding around the eyes, as well as what treatment options are available.
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Should I Be Concerned About My Dog Losing Hair
Its normal for your dog to shed and lose hair, but when they start to lose hair in excess, thats when it becomes a problem. There are many conditions that could cause hair loss in dogs. It could be due to something simple, like allergies, or it could be a result of a more serious health condition. So if you start to notice your dog is losing hair more than usual, consult your vet so you can get to the root of their hair loss.
Treatment Of Hair Loss Related To Allergies In Dogs
Ideally, the best treatment involves treating the region of hair loss, breaking the itch cycle, and removing the underlying cause. If you do not break the lick/scratch cycle, your treatments will be useless. You must stop the need to lick and scratch in order to break the cycle of fur loss and resulting issues. You must also address the underlying cause. Your dog may stop licking for a while, but if there is an underlying cause, it is only a matter of time before he begins again.
If this condition goes untreated, your dog may develop papules or pustules around the areas of fur loss where he continues to scratch and lick. This is a sign of a bacterial infection and would need antibiotic therapy in order for it to heal. If this is the case with your dog, the veterinarian will send you home with a prescription of an oral antibiotic. Medications to be applied topically to the lesion may also be sent home depending on your dogs needs.
If ectoparasites are the cause of his symptoms, your veterinarian will suggest a type of flea prevention or other medication to take care of the parasites. You will also need to make sure you treat your home, other pets and yard for fleas to prevent them from bothering your dog. Be sure to vacuum regularly, wash any bedding your dog uses, and keep anything he regularly comes into contact with clean.
Worried about the cost of Hair Loss Related To Allergies treatment?
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Diagnosing Your Pets Allergies
If your pet is showing signs of a possible allergic reaction, . To diagnose your pets condition and determine the specific allergen, well conduct a thorough exam, including any appropriate blood or skin tests.
If we suspect your pet is allergic to a food ingredient, well recommend an elimination diet to determine the specific ingredient he should avoid.
Some pets with severe allergies may be referred to a veterinary dermatologist for more in-depth allergy skin testing and treatment.
What Vitamin Deficiency Causes Hair Loss In Dogs
Your dogs diet has a lot to do with the health of their skin and coat. Deficiency in any vitamin or mineral might result in brittle or unhealthy hair, but zinc in particular is one of the building blocks for a healthy coat. Sometimes, your dogs diet may include components that block their uptake of zinc and cause a copper deficiency that results in a washed-out and unhealthy coat, and sometimes sores and skin issues as well. Its important to ensure your dog is getting enough zinc in their diet and also avoiding imbalances like excess calcium that may interrupt proper zinc absorption in their body.
Your dog might also experience hair loss if their diet is deficient in omega-3 fatty acids, or has an imbalanced protein to fat ratio. Furthermore, if the quality of your dogs food is low, they might experience hair loss even though their diet is technically balanced. The quality of protein and fat in their diet is just as important as the quantities.
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How Can I Treat My Dogs Hair Loss
Balding spots most commonly occur due to a dogs constant scratching, maybe to satisfy an itching spot.
This scratching may not seem like a problem but those strong nails can easily cause self-inflicted cuts and open wounds which are magnets for bacteria.
Secondary infections and further complications need to be avoided by thoroughly examining your dogs eyes and other symptoms.
The sooner you visit the vet, the better his chances of healing will be.
Stopping the scratching wouldnt be too difficult .
Now, what about other causes and how to treat them?
Well, it depends.
In general, the treatment will vary greatly depending on your dogs disease and its severity.
In the following list, I will describe the possible reasons for your dogs hair loss one by one and how they can be treated.
Keep in mind that hair loss around the eyes takes time to fully regrow.
Its not a disease in itself and symptoms could indicate more severe underlying conditions that will definitely need to be examined by a veterinarian.
To prevent a lot of these issues that can occur due to malnutrition, a healthy diet can definitely help with prevention.
Preventative Flea And Tick Treatments Can Prevent Hair Loss
If your dogs hair loss is the result of flea and tick irritation, you will likely need to start using a regular preventative treatment to get rid of these pests and avoid future infections. Your veterinarian can recommend the best type of treatment for your pet and provide detailed instructions on how to administer it.
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Inner Eye Problems That Can Cause Hair Loss In Dogs
Inner eye problems can also cause hair loss around dogs eyes. Because the problem is on the inner eye, this is not something you can identify or diagnose. Inner eye issues include glaucoma, which is a build up of fluids inside the eyes, or conjunctivitis which is a form of eye infection. Both of these issues can make your dog scratch their eyes persistently.
If these infections are prolonged, your dogs constant scratching can lead to hair loss around the eyes. Also, if you leave an eye infection untreated, the eye condition can worsen and develop into worse infection. This can result in further eye damage such as vision loss.
Conjunctivitis is usually treated with antibiotic ointment and/or eye drop medication, while glaucoma involves medication and sometimes surgery, depending on how developed the disease has become.
All of these conditions have hair loss as a symptom, so it can be tricky to differentiate between them and work out what is wrong with your dog on your own. Your vet will be able to diagnose these medical issues and offer appropriate treatment.
Major Dog Hair Loss Occurs With Mange
Mange is an inflammatory disease caused by the Demodex mite.
As the number of mites living in the hair follicles and skin of the dog increases, it can lead to lesions, infections, and dog hair loss.
Mange can either be localized, only affecting specific areas of the dog’s skin, or it can be generalized and affect the entirety of your pup’s body.
Usually, the mites inhabiting the surface of the dog do not change their hair or skin, but when the numbers grow out of control, it becomes damaging to their fur.
Mange does not require treatment when it is to a small degree. It will usually disappear on its own, doing so spontaneously.
The vet will recommend long-term medications to control the condition whenever it reaches a severe stage, often generalized and not sporadic. If the dog is a female, it should be spayed.
Fluctuations in hormones can exacerbate the symptoms. Changing to high-quality dog food and a low-stress environment may be able to reduce flare-ups.
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Eliminate Allergens From The Diet
Many people are surprised to learn that allergies can be a fairly common cause of dog hair loss. Allergies can cause all sorts of problems, from inflammation to irritation, which can ultimately lead to dry skin and hair issues.
The solution here should be pretty self-evident: youll have to remove the allergens.
In some cases that can be toughlike with seasonal allergies . But in many other situations you can at least help improve the situation. Make sure any common allergies are cleaned up.
Its also a really good idea to make sure your dog food is healthy and free of common allergens like wheat, soy, and corn.
Is It Normal For Dog’s Hair To Fall Out
Some shedding is completely normal but losing more hair than this can be concerning. There is a difference in the amount of hair loss between normal shedding and hair loss.
Hair loss may include skin changes or bald spots. By contrast, seasonal shedding is normal, and your dog will still have healthy skin.
That being said, a dog losing more of its hair coat than from shedding is not too abnormal.
Many dogs experience it at some point. You should, however, consult your vet, especially in the case of extreme hair loss or other symptoms.
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Treatment Of Allergic Reactions
The management of allergic reactions is dependent upon the severity of symptoms.
If your pet is stung by an insect, carefully remove the stinger if possible and apply ice or a cool compress to the area. Some pets may only experience pain at the site of the bite. Always monitor your pet for the development of hives, facial swelling, or signs of shock, and seek immediate veterinary care if problems arise.
How Can I Treat Dog Hair Loss Around Eyes
Treatment for hair loss around dogs eyes must start with an accurate diagnosis. It includes blood work for ruling out systemic disorders. These tests are vital in how to treat hair loss around dogs eyes.
The doctor will obtain a small skin sample if there is flaking or scaling. Additionally, pee tests may be necessary.
Diagnosis can be tricky. This is because hair loss around dogs eyes is a common symptom. Topical treatment involves the application of medicated shampoos. Different kinds of shampoos are available to treat fleas and mites.
The doctor might also prescribe oral pills for the pet. These help with treating the core reason for the disease. Treatment of Cushings disease can involve surgery.
If the problem is due to a food allergy, the doctor will suggest an elimination diet plan. On your part, you should remove foods with glutens, fillers, and preservatives. These tend to cause allergic responses.
A home-cooked diet can be a good alternative. Many pet-owners are preferring a raw meat diet for their pets, especially if it is a large dog.
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How Is Hair Loss Around The Eyes Treated
How you get the hair to grow back around your dogs eyes is going to depend on why it was lost in the first place.
Once your veterinarian has diagnosed the reason your dog is losing hair around the eyes, they will line out a treatment. Again, dont expect immediate hair regrowth.These things take time. Also, treating the skin around the eyes can be very tricky and youll want to avoid the eyes with some medications.
Always follow your veterinarians instructions carefully to prevent any unnecessary damage.
In the case of an eye issue, your veterinarian may prescribe eye drops or ointments to clear up any infections or to treat an eye injury. For glaucoma, your pup may be referred to a specialist.
If your dog is experiencing a lot of thick, colored discharge from the eyes, you can help ease the irritation by gently wiping the area two to three times a day with a warm, wet washcloth.
For demodicosis and allergies, your vet will probably take a whole-body approach. Demodicosis requires an anti-parasiticide and allergies may take an anti-histamine or anti-inflammatory to reduce the itching and inflammation.
Allergy testing may also be necessary as its easier to remove an allergen than to treat an allergy. For demodicosis, your vet may perform additional tests to help determine why there is a lapse in their immune system. Some dogs even require immune boosters to prevent other illnesses due to a weakened immune system.
How Can I Keep My Dog From Scratching At Its Eyes While Waiting For The Cause Of The Irritation To Be Treated
You can manage a dogs persistent scratching at its face by using an Elizabethan collar, a plastic cone that fits around their head. Usually used to prevent a dog from chewing at vulnerable areas of its body such as post-surgery, it can also keep a dog from getting its paws to its face to scratch. It may be a good idea to use an E-collar until you diagnose the cause for the itching and then successfully treat it.
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Dog Breeds That Are Prone To Alopecia
Dogs that are especially prone to alopecia include:
Mexican Hairless, Chinese Crested
Genetic: Bulldogs, Dobermans, Yorkshire Terriers, Dachshunds, Greyhounds
Nordic breeds: When clipped, hair may not return for Siberian Huskies, Pomeranians, and others
Atopy-prone breeds: Golden and Labrador Retrievers, Bulldogs, West Highland White Terriers, and others
Any breed with poor husbandry, especially puppies, is prone to Demodectic mange
A Possible Skin Problem
A case of canine atopy causing hair loss around a dog’s eye.
There are several skin problems that may cause a dog to develop hair loss around the eye. Typically, the hair loss is accompanied by red and inflamed skin surrounding the eye.
Complicated cases may require a referral to a veterinary dermatologist. Following are several potential causes of hair loss around a dog’s eye due to skin issues.
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Reasons Why My Dog Is Losing Hair Around Eyes
If youre feeling concerned or confused at noticing that your dog is losing hair around eyes, get familiar with what it means and how to deal with it so that your dog stays his healthy and happy self.
If a dog is losing hair around his eyes, it is most likely he is dealing with an issue relating to his eye and/or his skin. The hair loss around the eye would be a symptom of a larger issue. You take a breath of relief, however, in remembering that larger issue doesnt necessarily have to be a scary or life-altering thing. Its just something that demands some attention for you and, if possible, a vet. Take a look at the various causes of hair loss around the eyes, the reasons why hair loss around the eyes is different from other hair loss, and how to treat it.
Symptoms Of Hair Loss Related To Allergies In Dogs
Symptoms of this condition may include:
- Hair loss anywhere on the body
- Constant scratching
- Brown feet – also known as saliva stains from licking his feet constantly
Hair loss can happen at any location on the body. Flea allergies typically start out by causing fur loss on the hind end which slowly works its way up the trunk to the rest of the body. If it is from a contact allergy, the fur loss will most likely originate where your dog comes into contact with the item. For example, if he is allergic to the grass, his feet will itch first. This will cause him to chew at his feet to where he eventually chews off the fur. If it is a food allergy, the most common starting point of fur loss is the belly, face and paws.
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