What Is Acute Sinusitis
Acute sinusitis is a short-term inflammation of the sinuses, most often including a sinus infection. The sinuses are four paired cavities in the head. They are connected by narrow channels. The sinuses make thin mucus that drains out of the channels of the nose, cleaning the nose. Typically filled with air, the sinuses can become blocked by fluid and swell from irritation. When this happens, they can become infected.
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How Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis Affects Your Body
When you inhale the dust that you are allergic to, you wont notice any problems the first time. Some people develop symptoms after inhaling a lot the dust all at once or after inhaling small amounts over and over again. Tiny air sacs in the lungs can become irritated and may fill with fluid. If you stop inhaling the allergen, the irritation can get better in a few days. If you keep inhaling those allergens, the lung irritation continues. Parts of your lung can develop scar tissue. When your lungs have scar tissue, it may be hard to breathe normally.
Its important to catch this disease early so that you dont have permanent lung damage:
- Hypersensitivity pneumonitis can be a serious problem for people whose lungs become scarred.
- Scarred lungs can occur if the disease continues, and it is permanent.
- Unfortunately, there is no cure or treatment for long-term hypersensitivity pneumonitis.
Take Your Allergy Medication In The Evening
Antihistamines are a common and effective way to manage seasonal allergies, and modern allergy medicines are less likely to cause drowsiness than older antihistamines. However, some people may still feel tired after taking an allergy pill, especially if they havent taken one in a while.
To help reduce drowsiness and feel more alert during the day, take your daily antihistamine in the evening rather than first thing in the morning.
Consistency is also key to reducing the drowsiness caused by antihistaminesthe longer you take a daily allergy medication, the more easily your body will be able to tolerate those side effects.
Not all antihistamines are intended for daily use, so talk with your doctor before starting or changing any allergy medications to make sure its a good fit for you.
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How Are Seasonal Allergies Treated
There are many ways to treat seasonal allergies, depending on how bothersome the symptoms are. An important part of treatment is knowing what someone is allergic to. Some kids can get relief by reducing or eliminating exposure to the allergens that bother them.
If certain seasons cause symptoms, keep the windows closed, use air conditioning instead of fresh air when possible, and stay indoors when pollen counts are high. It’s also a good idea for kids with seasonal allergies to wash their hands or shower and change clothes after playing outside.
If reducing exposure isn’t possible or doesn’t help, doctors may recommend medicines for allergy symptoms. These can include oral, nasal, and ocular antihistamines and nasal steroid sprays. If these don’t help or a child has to take multiple medicines to ease symptoms, the doctor may recommend seeing an allergist. The allergist can decide whether allergy shots could help.
When To Contact A Doctor
The American Lung Association recommends talking with your doctor whenever you experience shortness of breath that isnt expected due to your current activity and fitness levels. You should also contact your doctor if you dont respond to treatment for shortness of breath.
Other worrying symptoms, together with shortness of breath, that should prompt medical attention include:
- pain or pressure in your chest
- a winded feeling that persists even after youve been resting for 30 minutes
- wheezing or a whistling sound when you inhale and exhale
- a high-pitched sound when you breathe, known as a stridor
- worsening shortness of breath after youve used an inhaler
- difficulty breathing while lying flat on your back
If you have any combination of these symptoms along with shortness of breath, its important to call your doctor or visit an emergency room for immediate medical care.
Being short of breath isnt the same thing as having trouble breathing. When youre having difficulty breathing normally, you might feel like:
- you cant completely inhale or exhale
- your throat or chest are closing up or it feels like theres a squeezing sensation around them
- theres an obstruction, narrowing, or tightening of your airway
- something is physically keeping you from breathing
Difficulty breathing is also an emergency that requires immediate medical attention.
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When To Get Medical Attention
Trouble breathing, for any reason, is a serious medical concern.
If you have shortness of breath after eating and you have a known food allergy, use your Epi-Pen or other medication and call 911. You may be having a life-threatening anaphylactic reaction.
Other health problems, such as COPD or GERD, may contribute to trouble breathing at mealtime. See your healthcare provider to find out why you are having these issues and how to treat them.
If youre already having treatment for a condition known to cause breathing difficulties, but you still experience shortness of breath after eating, still see your provider. You may need a change in your treatment plan or additional lifestyle modifications.
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What Are The Signs And Symptoms Associated With Fatigue
Fatigue is a symptom that usually has some underlying cause. Fatigue may be described by people in different ways, and may include some combination include weakness, lack of energy, constantly tired or exhausted, lack of motivation, difficulty concentrating, and/or difficulty starting and completing tasks.
Other symptoms such as fainting or loss of consciousness , near-syncope, rapid heartbeat , dizziness or vertigo may also be described as part of the fatigue experienced by the affected individual. The presence of these symptoms may actually help lead a health care practitioner to discover the underlying cause of the fatigue.
The potential causes of fatigue are numerous. The majority of diseases known to man often list fatigue or malaise as possible associated symptoms. This is complicated by the fact that fatigue can occur in normal healthy individuals as a normal response to physical and mental exertion. However, normal fatigue may begin to become abnormal if it becomes chronic, extreme or prolonged fatigue usually this occurs when a person experiences chronic or prolonged physical or mental exertion. For example, unusually hard physical or mental exertion for one day can result in normal fatigue that may last about a day or sometimes more, depending on the exertion level, while daily unusually hard physical or mental exertion may result in prolonged fatigue . This latter situation may develop into abnormal fatigue.
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Get A Good Air Purifier
While a decent HVAC air filter is important for indoor air quality, you can step it up a notch further by getting a mechanical air purifier. These devices use multiple filters and even UV light to remove allergens from the air much more effectively than an HVAC filter alone.
Air purifiers come in a variety of qualities and sizes, and what kind you get depends on your individual needs. You can get a small, portable device for use in a single room or you can even get a large, whole-house air purifier that hooks up to your homeâs main ventilation.
Some air purifiers are better than others, and their advertising can be deceptive. Look for air purifiers that are certified by the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America to ensure that the one you buy can filter common allergens from the air.
HEPA filters are considered to be one of best high-quality air purifiers and is the gold standard for mechanical air filtration. They use multiple filtration steps and can screen out least 99.97% of particles that are 0.3 microns or larger from the air.
Can Allergies Cause Shortness Of Breath
Jul 15, 2021 | allergies
Every year more than 50 million Americans become victims of allergies. Allergies occur very commonly and can cause several issues such as a stuffy nose, watery eyes, and even shortness of breath.This article will explain how allergies can cause shortness of breath, what triggers an allergy, and the related symptoms that you should know. We will also explain some effective remedies that can bring you at ease.
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Signs That You May Have Allergic Rhinitis And Allergic Asthma
If you have allergic rhinitis, your nose feels stuffy and itchy, you sneeze repeatedly, and your eyes are watery and itchy.
If you have allergic asthma, you are likely to develop symptoms of both allergies as well as asthma.
Allergic asthma can develop in people who have been diagnosed with asthma. Apart from shortness of breath, it can cause cough, wheezing, tightness of the chest, and rapid breathing .
While the triggers for allergic asthma are usually in the environment rather than food, the duration of symptoms depends upon the allergens. For eg., if pets or dust mite on your bedding is triggering your symptoms, you will suffer all year round, whereas if it is due to mold or pollen, it will be seasonal.
In children, the symptoms can be more subtle like feeling too tired to play. If your child wants to sit on the sidelines while the other kids are running around, he/she may be having trouble breathing. Make sure you check if your child is coughing or wheezing.
Nasal Polyps And Other Blockages
While some people struggle to take a breath because of allergens in the environment, others having difficulty breathing because of abnormalities in the internal structures of their nose and nasal cavities.
One common cause of breathing problems and other difficulties is the development of oversized sinus or nasal polyps. Polyps are growths that form inside the sinuses or nasal cavities. On the plus side, they are usually harmless and non-cancerous. On the minus side, they can usually be quite a nuisance, as they can block the passages or cavities, making it difficult for you to breath. In some cases, polyps can also increase issues such as congestion and snoring.
While plenty of people have polyps and have no problems with them, some do experience a decline in their quality of life thanks to the growths. If your surgeon identifies sinus polyps and believes that those polyps are contributing to breathing or other sinus issues, he will most likely recommend treatment to reduce the size of the growths or to remove them entirely.
Treatments can include allergy shots, using nasal steroid sprays, and in the most extreme cases, surgery to remove the growths.
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Viral Sinusitis And Bacterial Sinusitis
Viral sinusitis is the most common type of sinusitis. It is usually caused by the same viruses that cause the common cold, and typically lasts for between seven and ten days. If the condition lasts longer than ten days, or there is a worsening of symptoms after five to seven days, the sinusitis is more likely caused by bacteria than a virus.
What Does Shortness Of Breath Feel Like
Shortness of breath can be a scary feeling. Its a subjective sensation, meaning it cant be measured. However, doctors can measure other things that may be caused by shortness of breath, such as your blood oxygen levels.
If your blood oxygen level is too low, it means youre not taking in enough oxygen and its not circulating with your red blood cells. This can be dangerous, especially if your blood oxygen levels dip too low.
If youre experiencing shortness of breath, you might feel like you cant get enough air into your lungs and that you cant do it quickly enough.
It may seem as though youre running short on oxygen. It may be more difficult to inhale and exhale. Sometimes you might be compelled to draw a breath before youve even finished exhaling.
Symptoms that appear with shortness of breath may include:
- a tight sensation in your chest
- a feeling of suffocation
- feeling like you need to work harder than normal to catch your breath
- feeling like you need to breathe more often or more quickly
- feeling like your body cant get oxygen quickly enough
- feeling like you cant take full breaths
- difficulty fully catching your breath
You might notice yourself becoming increasingly short of breath over a long period of time, or it could happen out of the blue. Symptoms are often most noticeable when youre physically active, like when you climb stairs or try to exercise, but shortness of breath can happen even if youre at rest.
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What Are The Causes Of Allergic Asthma
An allergic reaction occurs when your immune system overreacts to the presence of a harmless substance called an allergen. Allergic asthma is when you develop breathing difficulties from inhaling allergens. It occurs when the airways swell as part of an allergic reaction.
Common allergens that can cause allergic asthma include:
- cockroach droppings
You may notice that your allergy symptoms get worse during certain seasons due to increased pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds.
However, allergic asthma symptoms can occur year-round. This may be due to mold spores, which can grow indoors or outdoors on damp surfaces. Indoor dust mites feed on human skin cells and live in pillows, carpets, and other fabrics. And feces, saliva, dander, and other substances released by cockroaches, rodents, and pets can cause an allergic reaction in some people.
You might be surprised to learn that certain foods can cause an asthmatic reaction in a small number of people. Common food triggers include milk, shellfish, eggs, soy products, peanuts, gluten, tree nuts, and sesame seeds. Histamines and sulphites in alcohol products like beer and wine can also trigger asthma symptoms in some people.
Irritants such as air pollution, aerosol cleaning products, tobacco smoke, wood fires, and strong odors dont cause an allergic reaction. But they may inflame your airways and make asthma symptoms worse.
Symptoms of an asthma attack include:
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Advanced Allergy & Asthma Associates
Dr. Noga Askenazi is a nationally recognized asthma and allergy specialist who is board certified in pediatric and adult allergy. Her areas of special interest are innovative treatment of rashes, sinusitis, food allergies, asthma and immune disorders. She was past President of the ISAAI , works on state and national committees for advancement of the allergy field and is a consultant for Advocate, Ascension Health, Northwestern amongst other health care systems. Her joy is helping patients reach their goals after together determining best treatments. Her staff and patients are a chosen family, and she invests in their happiness. She enjoys gardening, biking and cooking to good music.
Meredith Cirrincione is a board certified Physician Assistant and specializes in treating allergies, with a focus on asthma, rashes, environmental allergies, chemical and food allergies. She holds a Masters in Physician Assistant Studies from The Chicago Medical School Rosalind Franklin University of Health Sciences. She is a Fellow member of the American Academy of Physician Assistants, the Illinois Academy of Physician Assistants, and the Association of PAs in Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. She likes to approach things holistically. She is a strong patient advocate and adored by her patients. She enjoys singing, reading, cooking, and the great outdoors.
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What Is Breathlessness
Breathlessness is the uncomfortable feeling of quick or hard breathing. People report feeling bloated, short of breath, or exhausted. The medical name for it is dyspnea. Your chest might feel constricted, and breathing might be difficult.
And now you must be wondering what symptoms you can experience if you have a breathing difficulty? Right! Lets have a look.
For instance, perhaps you find it difficult to keep up with a walking companion or to up a flight of stairs.
Before, you could pause, take a deep breath, and continue, but now its more difficult to do that?
Does your chest become tight and does it pain while you inhale?
Shortness of breath during exercise may be the first sign. Additionally, breathing difficulties can worsen with time to the point where they affect your ability to relax.
Breathing is something that a lot of people tend to overthink, but its vital to remember that your body is designed to do it. Depending on your activities, your respiratory systems know just when to advise you to adjust the depth of your breathing.
What Causes Allergies
The cause of allergy is the response of our immune system to benign particles that enter our body. These substances can include food ingredients, pet dander, or pollen. Our bodies produce antibodies to protect us from harmless particles. The result of this response can result in swollen airways, sinuses, or skin. One can also experience inflammation of the digestive system.
Several types of allergies are possible that can cause shortness of breath.One of the types is allergic asthma which is caused by environmental triggers such as dander. This can lead to ones body forming allergic reactions to pollen, mold, dust mites, cats, and dogs
Allergies from mold and pollen can be seasonal. But dust mites and dander can be troublesome for the whole year.
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What Is The Treatment
Treatment for shortness of breath at night will vary depending on the condition causing it:
- Asthma. Adhere to a treatment plan, avoid triggers, and sleep propped up by pillows to keep the airways more open.
- COPD. Quit smoking and avoid exposure to other harmful chemicals. Treatment plans may include an inhaler, other medications, and oxygen therapy.
- Pneumonia. Treat with antibiotics, cough medicines, pain relievers, fever reducers, and rest.
- Heart failure. Follow your doctors treatment plan, which can vary based on your condition. Your doctor may recommend certain medications, lifestyle adjustments, and devices and other equipment to keep your heart working properly.
- Sleep apnea. Modifying your lifestyle by losing weight and quitting smoking may help. You may need an assistive device when sleeping to ensure your airways stay open.
- Allergies. Keep your bedroom free of allergens and clean regularly. Carpeting, window treatments, bedding, and ceiling fans can collect dust and trigger allergy symptoms. You may want to try hypoallergenic bedding or an air purifier in your bedroom.
- Anxiety and panic attacks. Breathing exercises, avoidance of triggers, and talking to a mental health professional may help you relieve feelings of anxiety and avoid panic attacks.