The Effect Of Allergens
Allergens are substances that are relatively harmless, but your body sometimes perceives them as a threat. This causes an allergic reaction. When your immune system perceives these substances as dangerous, it responds by releasing histamine. This causes your body to have allergy symptoms.
There are a variety of allergens that can contribute to your sore throat symptoms. Any small, airborne allergens that you can breathe in will make you susceptible to the postnasal drip that causes sore throats.
Here are some of the most common airborne allergens:
- Pollen from trees, grass, and weeds
- Dust mites
- Mold spores
- Pet dander
A sore throat is just one of many common symptoms that can be brought on by allergies other common symptoms that you may experience along with your sore throat include:
- Runny nose
- Aggravated asthma symptoms
Your allergy symptoms will usually be at their worst when allergy season is peaking. The peak of allergy season will depend on what youre allergic to. For instance, if youre allergic to the pollen of certain trees, spring will likely be when your allergies are at their worst. If you have indoor allergies, your symptoms may be prevalent year round. The best way to identify your allergens for sure is with an allergy test.
If you do have allergies, there are several options for treating and managing your sore throat symptoms. Lets take a look at some of these options.
What Are The Symptoms Of A Sore Throat
If someone has a sore throat, there wonât be any doubt in their mind that itâs what theyâre experiencing.
In mild cases, they might have slight irritation that can be accompanied by a scratchy sensation in the back of the throat.
However, in most moderate to severe cases, the symptoms might be worse. People can feel significant inflammation and irritation in the throat, which can cause pain when talking or swallowing food or drink. They may also experience a hoarse voice that gets worse the more they speak.
Depending on what caused their sore throat, people may experience swollen lymph nodes, inflamed tonsils, and even a fever. However, if the sore throat is caused by allergens , then this collection of additional symptoms likely wonât be the case.
How Do Allergies Cause A Sore Throat
In order to understand how allergies cause a sore throat, its important to understand how an allergic response happens.
The immune system works to protect your body from diseases, viruses and infections. But for people with allergies, the immune system mistakes harmless substances such as pollen, pet dander, dust mites, certain foods, mold and insect stings as a dangerous intruder. An allergic reaction occurs when your body is exposed to one of these harmless substances, known as an allergen, and the immune system overreacts.
In order to fight off the intruder, the immune system releases antibodies called Immunoglobulin E , which causes the cells to release histamine. Histamine increases mucus production and causes swelling and itching.
The excess mucus can result in postnasal drip, which is when mucus drains down the back of the throat, making it feel raw and irritated. In addition, inflammation can occur in the throat, adding to the discomfort.
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Can Allergies Cause Sore Throat
5 minute read
Your throat is used to swallow food, talk to friends, breathe fresh air, and sing beautiful songs. You use it for almost everything, so when it starts to feel sore and raspy, you take notice.
There are plenty of reasons why your throat might hurt, and allergies are definitely one of them however, they arent the only possible cause. Lets take a look at why allergies cause sore throat, what else may be to blame, and some home remedies that might bring you the relief you need.
Sore Throat It May Be Allergies
You know the telltale signs of allergies: itchy eyes, runny nose, congestion and sneezing. But did you know that allergies can also cause a sore throat? Below we review how allergies can result in a sore throat, how to treat a sore throat caused by allergies and how to tell the difference between a sore throat caused by allergies and one caused by a cold.
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Can U Get Covid Twice
PHE’s ongoing study on immunity in healthcare workers found 44 potential re-infections in a group of 6,614 people who had previously had the virus. Researchers conclude reinfection is uncommon but still possible and say people must continue to follow current guidance, whether they have had antibodies or not.
How Can You Treat A Sore Throat From Allergies
Regardless of what your allergy symptoms are, Dr. Li recommends a combination of an oral antihistamine with a nasal steroid at least 1-2 times per day during your worst allergy season. Commonly available allergy antihistamines include Zyrtec, Allegra, Claritin, Clarinex or Xyzal, while commonly used nasal steroids are Flonase, Nasonex, Nasacort, Rhinocort or Qnasl.
“If you still have a sore throat while taking a combination of an oral antihistamine and a nasal steroid, allergists will sometimes add a nasal antihistamine such as Astelin,” he says. ” taken every six to eight hours as needed can be used in severe cases, but should only be used for several days at a time.”
For mild cases, a saline spray may be enough, but if these are ineffective and your allergies are making you miserable, you can talk to your doctor about trying immunotherapy in the form of shots of sublingual drops , Dr. Simpson says.
If your sore throat is from drainage of mucus down your throat, you can also try nasal rinses, Dr. Li says. Popular nasal rinse products include Neil Med and the Navage device.
“If your sore throat is very severe, your allergist may prescribe oral steroids such as prednisone or Medrol to help reduce the inflammation that is causing your sore throat,” he says. “Non-medical therapies such as salt water gargles or tea with honey and lemon may also work for certain individuals, but generally are not as effective as medications.”
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The Common Sore Throat
Thanks to developing immune systems and group environments, kids can get up to eight colds a year, and sore throats are often front and center among the symptoms. If your child has a cold, they will likely suffer from other symptoms, such as a runny nose, congestion, and respiratory problems. In most cases, the viral infection, or common cold, needs to run its course and your child should start feeling better after 3-7 days.
If, however, these symptoms arent getting any better, or theyre heading in the opposite direction and becoming worse, this is a sign that there may be more at play than a simple cold. And if your child develops a fever thats above 101 and it persists, thats another clear sign that youre dealing with more than a cold.
Strep throat, mononucleosis, the flu, measles, and chickenpox all feature sore throats as one of the primary symptoms. And these are all conditions that benefit from medical attention.
Why Do I Wake Up Everyday With A Sore Throat
Other reasons for waking up with a sore throat The most common reasons for a sore throat in the morning are a dry environment, especially in winter, along with mouth breathing and acid reflux, Dr. Benninger says. He says that dehydration, hay fever, or the beginning of a cold can also be culprits.
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How Can I Prevent Colds And Allergies
To avoid catching a virus and spreading colds:
- Wash your hands frequently or use hand sanitizer.
- Cover your coughs and sneezes.
- Keep your hands away from your eyes, nose, and mouth, which are the areas of your body most vulnerable to germs.
To avoid seasonal allergies:
- Try to limit your contact with the allergens you react to.
- If your allergies bother you a lot, immunotherapy may help reduce or even completely prevent irritating symptoms.
What To Do If You Think Your Child Has Strep Throat
If you notice these symptoms and think your child has strep throat, once again, theres no need to rush to an emergency room.
You may not need to schedule a doctors visit with your childs pediatrician, either.
Strep throat is painful, and your child may have to wait hours or even days to see a primary care physician or pediatrician.
Instead, an urgent care facility is the perfect place to turn. Places like GoHealth Urgent Care frequently test and treat strep throat, especially in young children. We can also refer an ear, nose, and throat specialist is something to think about, should the problem persist.
When you visit our urgent care center, there is no need to schedule an appointment and your wait time will be short
Another tip to remember is this: strep throat is very contagious, so make sure your child stays home from school or other responsibilities after a strep diagnosis. After 24 hours of antibiotics, the infection will no longer be contagious.
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When Do People Usually Get Hay Fever
You can have hay fever any time of the year. Seasonal allergies occur in the spring, summer and early fall when trees and weeds bloom and pollen counts are higher. Perennial allergies can happen year-round. They result from irritants that are always around, such as pet dander, cockroaches and dust mites.
Get Lots Of Vitamin C
As a natural antihistamine, Vitamin C can offer allergy relief without those pesky side effects. Try to incorporate Vitamin C rich foods into your diet, such as:
- Bell Peppers
When allergies get the best of you, it can make even the simplest of tasks excruciating. Luckily, natural solutions can help you clear out that mucus so you can regain control of your health.
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How Do You Get Rid Of A Sore Throat From Allergies
Some home remedies only mask painbut these solutions can help you get rid of your sore throat completely.
Allergies Follow A Pattern And Symptoms Tend To Stick Around Longer
If you have allergies, your symptoms will flare up at certain times throughout the year when the allergens youre sensitive to are present. For example, if you have a tree pollen allergy, your symptoms will first appear in the early spring.
This also means that your symptoms can last for several weeks until that particular allergy season has ended. To put that into perspective, colds usually only last about a week.
Cold viruses are present all year, so you can catch one at any time. However, the winter cold season is when getting sick is more likely.
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Can Allergies Cause A Sore Throat
Yes, sometimes allergies can cause a sore throat among other symptoms. Its all part of the way your body protects itself against allergic reactions.
- After exposure to an allergic trigger, your body releases chemicals called histamines into your bloodstream1. This can cause reactions like itchy eyes, sneezing and that general stuffy feeling.
- Histamines increase your bodys production of mucus, which is used to keep your throat, mouth and nose from drying out2. At normal levels of production, you wont notice mucus, even as it performs important tasks like neutralizing harmful bacteria.
- However, when histamines ramp up your bodys production of mucus, you may feel excess mucus in your throat caused by post-nasal drip. This can irritate your throat and cause a scratchy feeling3.
Histamines are your bodys natural reaction to any allergy trigger. So whether youre exposed to pollen as a hay fever sufferer, or to dust by opening an old book, your body springs into action resulting in the discomfort you feel during an allergic reaction.
If youre experiencing a sore throat as an allergy symptom, there are potential ways to find relief.
But that doesnt mean its not an annoyance! So lets find out how to help or stop a sore throat being caused by allergies.
How To Treat An Allergy
No one really wants a sore throat to stick around. Annoying, irritating, and sometimes painful â getting rid of yours is the ideal goal. Thankfully, if your sore throat is caused by allergies, there are options to treat it.
Where possible, the most effective method is probably going to be to limit your exposure to allergens. If there are no allergens kicking around, thereâs nothing out there to cause a sore throat, right?
People with springtime allergies could be more likely to experience allergen-induced sore throats. During the height of allergy season, shutting your windows or wearing a mask could help reduce exposure. Avoiding other common allergens like cigarette smoke and pet dander may help too.
Of course, avoiding any and all contact with allergens might be a tall order. That’s where allergy treatments come in.
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How Allergies Can Cause A Sore Throat
The glands in your nose and throat make about one to two quarts of mucus every day, reports the American Academy of OtolaryngologyHead and Neck Surgery Foundation. This mucus has many important functions, such as keeping your nose clean and moistening the air you breathe, and you usually swallow it without realizing. Other times, people may notice mucus dripping down the back of their nose or pooling in their throat. This unpleasant sensation is known as postnasal drip, and it can be caused by allergies.
If you have postnasal drip, the trickle of mucus can irritate your throat and cause soreness and other symptoms, such as feeling a lump in the throat or swallowing more frequently. It may also make you feel the need to clear your throat more often.
Can I Prevent Allergy Symptoms
If youre suffering from allergy symptoms you can try to limit your exposure to the allergens whenever possible. Some suggestions include:
- Stay away from cigarette smoke and pets
- If you have seasonal allergies, you can also keep your windows closed during the peak months when your symptoms flare-up
- If you do go outside, wear a mask to protect yourself
- Delegate allergy triggers such as mowing the grass
- Keep your home or office as clean as possible if you know dust mites are a problem
- If you have food allergies, avoid those foods
- Use over-the-counter allergy medications to help control your symptoms
- Use air conditioning in the car or home
- Use a dehumidifier to keep the indoor air dry in your house
- Select a high-efficiency filter for your HVAC unit and follow recommended maintenance to care for these units
- Clean your home with a vacuum that has a HEPA filter
There are all kinds of over-the-counter medications that you can try. They could potentially help for a time. Nonprescription medications could include:
- Antihistamines or decongestants
- Nasal sprays
- Saline or nasal irrigation
However, you cant always avoid or limit your exposure to the things that cause your allergies, such as pollen, pet dander, or mold. Over-the-counter medications may not alleviate your symptoms. Fortunately, your doctor can help with medications to alleviate your symptoms.
Allergies Rarely Cause Sore Throats Or Body Aches
The only ache you may feel with allergies is a headache from all that congestion. Allergies can cause a sore throat if theres enough irritation from post-nasal drip and coughing, but if youre experiencing a sore throat or mild body aches, theyre more likely a sign of a bad cold.
Can allergies cause chills? No. If you have chills, its more likely you have a cold, the flu or another infection .
What’s The Best Way To Manage A Sore Throat From Allergies
Fact: You dont need to suffer through this, and allergists say there are a few things you can do to try to relieve your pain. Ultimately, Dr. Wada says, the best treatment is a combo of tackling your nasal symptoms and sore throat. Try these treatment options.
- Use an antihistamine. Antihistamines block the effects of histamines, lessening the risk youll develop allergy symptoms, including a sore throat, Dr. Wada says.
- Try a nasal steroid spray. Nasal steroid sprays help reduce inflammation in your nasal passages, Dr. Wada says, and could help tamp down on post-nasal drip.
- Gargle with warm salt water. Not only does it feels soothing on your throat, Dr. Wada says, the salt in the water can help pull mucus out of the area and make you feel better.
- Have some honey. If a cough is behind your sore throat, consider having a spoonful of honey. Research has found that honey can reduce how often and how intensely you cough when youre sick. Honey can also be soothing for sore throats for anyone over age one, Dr. Wada says.
If you have a sore throat from allergies and this is a regular thing for you, Dr. Parikh recommends talking to your doctor or allergist about allergen immunotherapy, which are shots you can take to help reduce your reaction to allergens. These can make you less allergic to the trigger over time, Dr. Parikh says.
How To Tell If Allergic Rhinitis Is Causing Sore Throat
From flu to infection, a sore throat has a variety of causes so its best not to jump to any premature conclusions on the matter. However, if youd like to know whats distinctive about a sore throat thats caused by allergic rhinitis, here are a few things to consider.
Have you got any other symptoms?
Although one symptom may be worse than another, allergic rhinitis doesnt usually cause just a sore throat on its own. Therefore, if this is the only issue you are experiencing, it may be time to consider what else could be the cause other than allergic rhinitis.
How long has it been a problem?
If your sore throat persists for a few weeks or more and is accompanied be other allergic rhinitis symptoms such as congestion and watery eyes, it may indicate that this condition is the cause. At this stage its advisable to visit a doctor for further advice.
When is it problematic?
Pollen is the most common cause of allergic rhinitis and becomes most problematic around spring and summer when plants begin to pollinate. So, if your notice your sore throat regularly gets worse around this time, once again allergic rhinitis could be the issue.