Sunday, February 18, 2024

Allergy Medicine Dosage For Dogs

Dog Flea Allergy Dermatitis Treatment

Does Benadryl Work?

Many dogs are allergic to flea saliva, which leads to a condition called flea allergy dermatitis . FAD causes extreme itchiness, hair loss, and scabs.Getting rid of the fleas and continuous flea control are the best ways to address a flea allergy.

To treat the symptoms, you can use an over-the-counter itch-relief shampoo or sprayin mild cases. In severe FAD cases, your veterinarian may prescribe an antihistamine or corticosteroid to relieve the itching and inflammation. Your vet may also prescribe an antibiotic if your pup has developed a secondary bacterial infection.

Dosing Instructions For Benadryl

The Merck Veterinary Manual recommends giving your dog 0.9-1.8 mg of Benadryl per pound of weight .

If you want to try over-the-counter Benadryl, the best form is usually a tablet, which is typically 25 mg per tab, says Justine Lee, DVM, a board-certified veterinarian who specializes in toxicology and emergency care.

This means that, generally speaking, a 25-pound dog would get one pill and a 50-pound dog would get two.

If you have a very small dog, you may need to use a lower-dose liquid children’s formula to get the proper dose for their weight.

“Veterinarians can also prescribe the dog a form of Benadryl, Vetadryl, which is the FDA approved form of diphenhydramine for dogs and cats,” Price says. Though it is the same medicine and you could technically use any one, Vetadryl has some benefits like:

  • A 10 mg option, which may make dosing easier
  • Flavoring for dogs, which may make it more appealing to your pup

How Do I Know Whats Causing My Dogs Allergies

Consulting with your vet is the best way to determine what your dog is allergic to. But you can also do an at-home dog allergy test to discover if your dog has any insensitivities to many food ingredients and environmental allergens.

If you use an at-home allergy test, discuss the results with your vet so they can confirm the results and recommend the most appropriate allergy treatment for your dog.

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What Can I Give My Dog For Allergies

Have you seen your pup scratching more? How about hair loss? Hives? What you might be seeing your poor pup suffer through are allergies, which are fairly common in dogs and can manifest in many ways, from skin and ear infections to itchy and red skin.

Fortunately, there are many options for allergy relief in dogs, including treatments from your veterinarian, easy home remedies for dog allergies and over-the-counter options that only require a visit to your local drug store. And well discuss it all.

Of course, it is always advised to talk to your veterinarian before starting any treatment for allergies and to work with your veterinarian to determine and eliminate the root cause of allergies in your dog, if possible.

Benadryl Dosing For Dogs

Dog Allergy Relief Benadryl

The Merck Veterinary Manual advises pet owners that the proper dosage of Benadryl for dogs is typically between 2 to 4 milligrams per kilogram of body weight, administered two to three times daily. This equates to 1 to 2 mg per pound of body weight. The most common dose of Benadryl for dogs is 1 mg per pound. For example, a 25-pound dog would receive 25 mg per dose and a 75-pound dog would receive 75 mg per dose.

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Seasonal allergies are allergies that occur at specific times of the year. We most commonly think of hayfever, which causes a reaction when the trees and plants release their pollen, but such allergies can happy at any time of the year as a response to outdoor molds releasing spores.

Whether your dog suffers with hayfever or has allergic reactions when it is damp outside, Vetnique Labs Dermabliss Allergy & Immune Salmon Flavored Seasonal Allergy & Fish Oil Soft Chew Supplements are designed to help thanks to their combination of omega fatty acids, vitamins, quercetin, and colostrum. Because they contain salmon oil as a source of omega oils, they also have a fishy taste that will appeal to seafood-loving canines, although this doesnt account for all dogs.

The soft chew is more expensive than some other allergy medicines, but they contain natural ingredients, have an appealing flavor, and are one of the best allergy medicines for dogs that suffer from seasonal allergies.

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Zesty Paws Aller-Immune Lamb Flavored Soft Chews Allergy & Immune Supplement For Dogs contain ingredients to encourage a healthy immune response and to maintain a good immune system, probiotics for good gut health, and natural immune modulators that help control histamine levels for dogs with skin allergies.

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  • Contains canola oil

How Do I Calculate The Benadryl Dose For Dogs In Ml

To calculate the liquid Benadryl dose:

  • Determine the dose you need. Standard Benadryl dose is 1 mg per 1 lb. The dose is the weight of your dog in pounds .
  • Lets count how much Benadryl is in one milliliter of a drug. 12.5 mg/5ml = 2.5 mg/1 ml.
  • Now we have to divide the desired dose by the dose in 1 ml. The dog’s weight in lb/ 2.5 mg = the amount of liquid Benadryl you want to give to your dog.
  • Also Check: What Do Give Dogs For Allergies

    Safety Factors Of Zyrtec In Dogs

    Zyrtec is well tolerated in dogs and produced only mild side-effects. In some dogs, no side-effects have been reported.

    Other pet antihistamines, including doxepin, cyproheptadine, and terfenadine, produced more frequent adverse reactions in clinical trials. Cetirizine, on the other hand, appears to be safe.

    Can You Use Benadryl For Dogs

    Best Home Remedies For Dog Allergies

    Benadryl wins the award for being the human medication that my veterinary clients most commonly ask me about administering to their dogs.

    I find myself frequently answering my clients questions about Benadryl use for allergies, anxiety, travel, and other doggie dilemmas.

    The good news is that Benadryl is safe for dogs. Unlike many other human medications that have potential for causing serious harm, oral Benadryl has a wide margin of safety.

    But before you grab for the Benadryl, always check the label to make sure it doesnt contain xylitol, an artificial sweetener that is dangerous for dogs. Also, Benadryl may be contraindicated in dogs with certain health conditions. Well get to more on both of these caveats at the end of this article.

    Despite the fact that over-the-counter Benadryl is not FDA approved for veterinary use, its safe and helpful for treating several conditions in dogs including the condition the dog is presenting in photo below.

    What do you think is going on with the dog in this picture?

    If you guessed anaphylactic allergic reaction, you are correct! These types of reactions can occur due to anything from vaccinations to insect bites or stings.

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    Apoquel Drug Interactions And Warnings

    Apoquel is considered safe to use along with some medications like antihistamines, antibiotics, and NSAIDs. Some medications should be used with caution, such as steroids and immunosuppressive drugs.

    Apoquel is intended for dogs aged 12 months and older. Its safety has not been evaluated in pregnant or nursing dogs. Apoquel should not be given to dogs with a history of cancer.

    Be sure to tell your vet about all other medications and supplements your dog is taking before starting Apoquel. In addition, thoroughly discuss your dog’s medical history with your vet.

    Editor’s Note: This piece has been updated to reflect that Zoetis is a standalone company. A previous version identified the company as a division of Pfizer.

    Is Benadryl Safe For Your Dog

    Benadryl is a relatively safe and effective medication for dogs when used according to the instructions of a veterinarian. As with any new medication, always observe your dog closely after administration to make sure there arent any adverse reactions. If you have any further questions about Benadryl for dogs, contact your veterinarian for more information. And remember to keep all medicines out of reach of your curious canine pal.

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    Tips For Giving Benadryl To Dogs

    • Benadryl comes in tablets, capsules, and as a liquid.
    • The liquid is generally easier to dose in small dogs.
    • Capsules and tablets work great in large dogs, but if you have a dog between dose sizes, tablets are better because they can be split.
    • When used for motion sickness, the dose should be given 30 to 60 minutes prior to travel.
    • Ensure that the only active ingredient in the product you are giving is diphenhydramine.

    The duration of administration depends on the condition being treated, your dogâs response to the medication, and the potential development of any adverse effects. Be certain to complete the prescription unless specifically directed by your veterinarian. Even if your pet feels better, the entire treatment plan should be completed to prevent relapse.

    Dog owners are warned against administering time-release capsules to their pets. The American Kennel Club notes that dogs metabolize them differently than humans and that they could break open upon ingestion. Remember that medication should never be administered without first consulting your veterinarian.

    NEVER give a diphenhydramine or a Benadryl®-based product that is combined with other ingredients without the approval of your veterinarian. Ensure that the only active ingredient in the product you are giving is diphenhydramine. Some combination medications contain additional ingredients that can be toxic to your dog.

    Routine drug monitoring is not generally required in dogs receiving Benadryl.

    Claritin: Precautions And Side Effects

    Dog Allergy Relief Benadryl

    While generally safe and effective when prescribed by a veterinarian, loratadine can cause side effects in some animals. The cost common include:

    Loratadine may interact with other medications. Consult with your veterinarian to determine if other drugs your pet is receiving could interact with loratadine. Such drugs include amiodarone, cimetidine, and ketoconazole.

    Claritin and other forms of loratadine are not typically prescribed to dogs and cats with dry eyes, liver issues, or sensitivities to any of the drugs ingredients.

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    Precautions When Using Benadryl

    When using Benadryl, keep these precautions in mind:

    • “Benadryl is available over the counter for pet parents to purchase but should only be done under the direction of a veterinarian,” Price says. Your vet can determine the best starting dose and check if Benadryl has a negative interaction with any other medications your dog takes.
    • If you’re purchasing Benadryl over the counter, “you want to make sure it’s Benadryl that is only diphenhydramine, no other ingredients added in,” Lee says. Watch out for ingredients like acetaminophen or decongestants that may not be safe for dogs.
    • Always check the box to make sure the Benadryl isn’t expired, as expired medication can be unsafe for your dog, Price says.

    What Are The Different Types Of Allergy Medications For Dogs

    There are different types of allergy medicine for dogs, in part because there are different allergies from which they can suffer. An allergy is a disease whereby the dog’s immune system is hypersensitive to a certain substance, causing it to overreact. The types of material which cause an allergic reaction are varied. Commonly they include:

    The type of allergy medication will also depend on the severity of the symptoms. For humans, the major form of allergy medicine is antihistamine, usually taken in pill form. Antihistamines help to reduce everyday symptoms such as a runny nose, sneezing, hives or other allergic reactions. They work by contravening histamine receptors which are part of the reason why the immune system reacts. Generally they are best for short-term symptoms. Other allergy medicines for dogs include:

    • Antihistamines
    • Corticoteroids or other anti-inflammatory drugs
    • Immunotherapy injections
    • Steroid treatments
    • Medicated shampoo

    While antihistamines are commonly used in human medicine, they are not as prevalent in veterinary practice. This is due to questions over their efficacy. Some reports claim certain antihistamines such as cetirizine do have some positive histamine-related inflammation, but additional clinical studies need to be carried out. They should only be administered when the veterinarian recommends it.

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    Best Dog Allergy Medications

    If youre wondering what medications your vet may prescribe or recommend for your pups allergies, check out our articles on the best allergy medications for dogs and allergy shots for dogs. Not all dogs respond well to all allergy medicine, so your vet may need to tweak your pups medication therapy to find the best treatment.

    How Does Benadryl Work For Motion Sickness Or Anxiety

    Allergies in Dogs: Top 5 Remedies to Stop the Itching

    Dogs may experience anxiety in unfamiliar or uncomfortable situations, such as during a move, going to the vet, or being left alone. Because Benadryl also causes drowsiness, pet parents have also had luck with using the medication to help calm their anxious dog.

    Some dogs experience motion sickness while riding in cars which can be due to anxiety. The Merck Veterinary Manual also recommends using Benadryl to help relieve motion sickness during car rides. In some cases, the sedative effects of Benadryl can be enough to reduce car anxiety and its related symptoms. However, for dogs that continue to get an upset tummy in car rides, be sure to consult your veterinarian.

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    Claritin Dosage For Dogs And Cats

    Medication should never be administered without first consulting your veterinarian. This drug has not been well studied in dogs and the oral dispersible tablets may contain xylitol, a known canine toxin.

    Loratadine is dosed in dogs at 0.1 mg per pound to 0.55 mg per pound of body weight once daily or divided twice daily. Another way that loratadine is dosed in dogs is by the total dose. For example, most dogs will receive 5 to 10 mg orally one to two times daily . Small dogs may receive 5 mg per dog once daily, medium sized dogs 10 mg per dog once daily, and large dogs may get up to 10 mg per dog twice daily.

    In cats, loratadine has not been studied, and no well-established doses are published. Some reports suggest a dose of 0.25 mg per pound orally once daily.

    The duration of administration depends on the condition being treated, response to the medication, and the development of any adverse effects. Be certain to complete the prescription unless specifically directed by your veterinarian. Even if your pet feels better, the entire treatment plan should be completed to prevent relapse.

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    Dosage Of Benadryl For Dogs

    The best way to determine the correct Benadryl dosage for dogs is to consult your veterinarian. The Merck Veterinary Manual recommends administering 2-4 milligrams of Benadryl per kilogram of body weight, two to three times a day. However, this dosage can vary depending on your dogs medical conditions.

    Dr. Jerry Klein, AKC chief veterinary officer, warns that you should always consult with a veterinarian before giving Benadryl to a puppy because young puppies can be very sensitive to certain medications. The drug is also not recommended for pregnant or nursing dogs

    Never use time-release capsules for dogs, as capsules are absorbed differently in dogs than in humans and may affect your dogs dosage. They may also break open when chewed and deliver too much medication at one time, putting your dog at risk of an overdose.

    Its best to avoid using liquid Benadryl if it contains sodium, which can cause other side effects. Also avoid any form of Benadryl that contains alcohol.

    Childrens Benadryl pills or tablets can be used safely if you ask your veterinarian for the appropriate dosage.

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    Brand Names And Other Namesof Loratadine

    • Human formulations: Claritin®, Alavert®, and various generic preparations
    • Veterinary formulations: None

    Loratadine is available over the counter but should not be administered unless under the supervision and guidance of a veterinarian.

    This drug is not approved for use in animals by the Food and Drug Administration but it is prescribed legally by veterinarians as an extra-label drug.

    How Effective Are Allergy Shots For Dogs

    dogs allergy pills

    Results will vary for each dog, but allergy shots can be very effective.

    According to Dr. Scott Miller, an intern in small animal dermatology at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, when it comes to immunotherapy, Overall, 60 to 80 percent of dogs with environmental allergy will respond very well to allergy shots, often eliminating the need for other medications the pet may have been given to control signs. He also said, Young dogs may respond better to immunotherapy than do older dogs.1

    UW Veterinary Care at the University of Wisconsin-Madison weighs in on Cytopoints effectiveness by saying, Cytopoint does not work for every dog, but we estimate it helps in about 75% of cases. In some cases, the itch relief is dramatic and long-lasting in others, it helps more modestly and/or may not last as long.2

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    Is Zyrtec Safe For My Dog

    Veterinarians sometimes recommend Zyrtec for dogs with allergies.

    The antihistamine properties in the drug work by blocking receptors on blood vessels, tissues, and lungs. Allergy symptoms flare when histamine is released through the body.

    That intense itch that your dog has is caused by this excessive release of histamine. Zyrtec, however, blocks the histamine from binding to receptors. This is how allergies in dogs are managed with this medication.

    Unlike Benadryl, this medication is less likely to make your pet drowsy. Additionally, it only requires one daily dose. Zyrtec is also prescribed to humans. Even children can use it. But is Zyrtec okay for dogs?

    As it turns out, this popular drug might one of the safest pet antihistamines. That said, its important to understand that high doses of Zyrtec can cause serious cardiac events in dogs. In this case, more is not better.

    Always follow the veterinarians guidelines for dosing your dog.

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